Institutional Change in ASEAN: A Conceptual Analysis of the ASEAN Political-Security Community
 
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Department of Diplomacy, College of International Affairs, National ChengChi University, Taiwan
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Kwei-Bo Huang   

Department of Diplomacy, College of International Affairs, National ChengChi University, 64 ZhiNan Rd., Sec. 2, 11605, Taipei City, Taiwan
Submission date: 2021-03-22
Final revision date: 2021-05-04
Acceptance date: 2021-05-04
Online publication date: 2021-05-13
Publication date: 2021-05-04
 
Przegląd Nauk o Obronności 2020;(10):58–77
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Objectives:
To figure out whether adaptation – specifically, Ernst B. Hass’ incremental growth model – is able to account for institutional changes of ASEAN in the shape of the ASEAN Political-Security Community (APSC).

Methods:
Use Ernst Hass' theoretical arguments and propositions to examine some of ASEAN's internal and external factors that have an impact on the discussion, planning, and implementation of the APSC. Three variables -- the types of knowledge used by ASEAN leaders in making choices, their political objectives, as well as the manner in which issues being negotiated -- are found in historical documents and academic analyses and then operationalized in a simpler way.

Results:
The selection of the incremental growth model is justified and the incremental growth model can serve as an innovative analytical framework for the institutional change in ASEAN.

Conclusions:
ASEAN is in a dynamic context where increased expectations and pressure from within and outside are taking place all at once. The institutionalization of ASEAN security arrangements, originally led by the initiation of the ASC/APSC, means that ASEAN has started facing these expectations and pressure and moved on to enhance security cooperation to a certain degree. It is time for students of international relations to apply again the previous finding of adaptation through incremental growth and conduct further field investigations into the current evolution of the APSC.

FUNDING
Part of this research was based on and funded by the Republic of China National Science Council (renamed as Ministry of Science and Technology), with the project number NSC94-2414-H-004-006- and NSC 95-2414-H-004-027-, between August 2005 and July 2007.
 
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