Air-rocket space launch system - as Responsive Space System
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Doctoral School, Military University of Technology, Poland
Faculty of Mechatronics, Armament and Aerospace, Military University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland, Poland
Submission date: 2022-09-01
Final revision date: 2022-09-28
Acceptance date: 2022-10-06
Online publication date: 2022-10-10
Publication date: 2022-10-10
Corresponding author
Dariusz Filipiak   

Doctoral School, Military University of Technology, Sylwestra Kaliskiego 2B Street, 00-908, Warsaw, Poland
Przegląd Nauk o Obronności 2022;(13):101-114
The study was to analyze the concept of Responsive Space Systems alternative launch and set of the nanomicro satellites into Low Earth Orbit. The analysis focused on aircraft-rocket space systems, where platform for launching a rocket with a satellite is an aircraft.The aircraft in the role of the platform provides opportunities, system thus the operator doesn't need bases or space ports in European conditions.

Analysis of the research area, focused on the review, critical analysis, evaluation of the available literature, resources. The work was supplemented with the results and recommendation of the research project recently carried out at the MUT.

Systems were presented in view of the war in Ukraine. Existing operational and currently designed systems were reviewed. Article evaluated the aerial-rocket systems for launching objects into the LEO in the context of the system's operational costs and capabilities, potential market and further military and civilian applications also the needs of the Polish Armed Forces. Combat aircraft and rocket kits based on decommissioned from PAF fighters were proposed and valuated.

Implementation of system gives autonomy from countries or companies offering space services, possibility of mastering new capabilities of placing satellite systems for security&defense purposes. For the PAF, aircraft-rocket kits based on phased-out supersonic combat aircraft may be the start of the development and construction of the national Responsive Space System. The country's scientific-industrial base has competence to design&build such a system. Polish Space Agency can act as an integrator of the system just as NASA did in the 1960s.

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