The judgmental failures of the Western European states towards the Russian Federation by perceiving it through European values.
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National Security Department, War Studies University, Poland
Submission date: 2022-11-21
Final revision date: 2022-11-29
Acceptance date: 2022-11-29
Online publication date: 2022-11-29
Publication date: 2022-11-29
Corresponding author
Katarzyna Chabska   

National Security Department, War Studies University, al. gen. A. Chruściela „Montera” 103, 00-910, Warsaw, Poland
Przegląd Nauk o Obronności 2022;(15):13-25
The purpose of this article is to show the Western European judgmental failures towards Russia by perceiving it through European values. These failures have a negative impact on European security and all of them appeared because Russia was considered the European state and the European values were put in Russia. In fact, the Russian Federation is only a geographic part of Europe, but no longer a part of European civilization.

The research was conducted by analyzing the relationship between Western European countries and the Russian Federation, as well as analyzing the general condition of Russian society and Russian foreign policy.

This article states that Western European countries made a critical mistake by adopting European values to the Russian Federation. This hypothesis was composed by addressing the following question: What is the grand strategy of the Russian Federation? What are judgmental failures and what are their types? What judgmental failures were made by Western Europe towards Russia?

The Russian Federation for the past years has been treated by the Western European states as a strategic business partner, however as it can be seen now, this approach was misleading and was a complete failure in terms of European security. Countries such as France and Germany had not seen Russia as an enemy of the West.

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