NATO Command System and Air Policing in the Polish Airspace
More details
Hide details
Department of Engineering, Helena Chodkowska University of Technology and Economics in Warsaw, Poland
Military University of Land Forces in Wrocław, Poland
Submission date: 2021-10-03
Final revision date: 2021-10-03
Acceptance date: 2022-02-24
Online publication date: 2022-02-28
Publication date: 2022-02-28
Corresponding author
Jacek Krawczyk   

Department of Engineering, Helena Chodkowska University of Technology and Economics in Warsaw, Jagiellońska 82f, 03-301, Warsaw, Poland
Przegląd Nauk o Obronności 2021;(11):74-88
The article presents the NATO command structure with particular emphasis on the units responsible for command and control in the Polish airspace. The structure was described at three levels of command: strategic, operational and the tactical level. Moreover, the article also presents the issues concerning sovereignty in the space of the Republic of Poland and the cooperation of civil and military services in relation to the aircraft, which in an unauthorised manner crossed the state air border.

Scientific methods used in the paper are: analysis and criticism of written sources, analysis and logical construction.

The article presents the structures of commands responsible for protection and defence of the airspace of NATO countries, their brief characteristics, command relationships and interdependencies between them and the main assumptions and objectives of the Air Policing mission, as well as the principles of implementation of this mission in the Polish airspace

The main purpose of NATO's activities is to protect its member states, as a basis for preserving peace and strengthening international security. The organisational structures of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, based on three levels of command, are able to ensure the security of all 30 countries belonging to the alliance. The Polish airspace command system is fully compatible and integrated with the NATO system and in constant readiness to carry out combat missions, including the Air Policing Mission.

Bielawski, R. and Polkowska, M. (2020) Organisational, Military and Legal Aspects of Space Security. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Akademii Sztuki Wojennej.
Bolić, T. and Ravenhill, P. (2021) ‘SESAR: The Past, Present, and Future of European Air Traffic Management Research’, Engineering, 7(4), pp. 448–451. doi: 10.1016/j.eng.2020.08.023.
Coyle, R. G. (1987) ‘A model for assessing the work processing capabilities of military command and control systems’, European Journal of Operational Research, 28(1), pp. 27–43. doi: 10.1016/0377-2217(87)90167-6.
Grenda, B. (2014) System Walki Sił Powietrznych Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej. Warszawa: Ementon.
Kołata, G. (2019) ‘Airbase as Defended Asset for Air Defense’, Safety & Defense, 5(1), pp. 37–45. doi: 10.37105/sd.41.
Kołodziejczak, M. E. (2020) Funkcjonowanie Naczelnego Dowódcy Sił Zbrojnych w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Akademii Sztuki Wojennej.
Krawczyk, J. (2018) ‘The Crossing of a State’s Air Border by State-Owned and Civilian Authorized and Unauthorized Aircraft’, Przegląd Nauk o Obronności, (6), pp. 16–27. doi: 10.37055/pno/118857.
Liao, S. H. (2008) ‘Problem structuring methods in military command and control’, Expert Systems with Applications, 35(3), pp. 645–653. doi: 10.1016/j.eswa.2007.07.012.
Military Command Structure (2021). Available at:
Radomska, A. (2019) ‘Techniczne, militarne i naturalne aspekty bezpieczeństwa w przestrzeni powietrznej’, in Bielawski, R., Solarz, J., and Miszewski, D. (eds) Współczesne i przyszłe zagrożenia bezpieczeństwa. Cz. 1. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Akademii Sztuki Wojennej.
Radomyski, A. and Kulik, T. (2018) ‘Air safety environment of the state’, in Radomyski, A., Malinowski, P., and Michalski, D. (eds) Identification of a state’s air security environment. Wrocław: GRAFPOL Agnieszka Blicharz-Krupińska.
Zajkowski, R. (2020) ‘The Principles and Organization of Air Traffic in Military Operations: Experiences from the Mission in Iraq’, Safety & Defense, 6(1), pp. 77–88. doi: 10.37105/sd.66.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top